Collège Boréal Madrid Architecture Tour

Jueves 4 Mayo 2023


9:30 salimos de Hostal Atocha Almudena Martín bajamos a Atocha y subimos por Pº del Prado, torcemos antes del Ritz y subimos por C/ de Felipe IV

9:45 llegamos a Ampliación Museo del Prado y continuamos por Alfonso XII para bajar por Antonio Maura a la Pza. de la Libertad y subir por Castellana hasta Centro Comercial ABC (10h)

11:30 nos recoge en Lagasca, 67 y bajamos por C/ Serrano – Gran Vía, pasando por delante del Temblo de Debod, siguiendo por Cuesta de San Vicente hasta Centro de Estudios Hidrográficos (CEDEX) en Virgen del Puerto (12:00)

12:30 nos recoge en 100 Montaditos (Puente de Segovia) y seguimos hacia el Sur por Madrid Río por superficie, pasando por Puente de Principado de Andorra siguiendo hasta Marques de Vadillo, para bajarnos en la Taberna de Dominguez (12:45)

13:45 nos recoge al otro lado del puente en Pº Yeserías (dirección norte) y seguimos hasta Pirámides para coger el Puente de M30 y meternos en la M30 dirección Sur PAU Carabanchel, salida A42 hasta PAU Carabanchel Edificio EMV C/ Patrimonio de la Humanidad (14h) con posible parada 30′

Seguimos, pasando por Edifico 2 EMV C/Patrimonio de la Humanidad, nos bajamos en Parque Av. de la Peseta, nos espera aparcado en Calle de las Iglesias Extramuros

15: 30 salimos para Calle de los Trombones donde nos bajamos y nos espera aparcado en Calle de las Trompas

16:00 salimos para Matadero Madrid, nos bajamos en Intermediae (Casa del Lector exposición María Goyri. Abriendo Camino) y nos espera cerca o aparcado hasta 17:15 en Pte. Cascara del Invernadero en Av. de Manzanares para regresar a hotel (15m 17:30)



Explicación edificios

Prado Development (end of 18th Century) is a great sample of Neoclassic urbanism. King Charles the III with his European ideas, gave Madrid in the 18th Century and esplendor never seen before. He completely remodelled Madrid endowing it with a public space appropriate for its condition as a capital. For this project, he selected the best architects of the Court: Hermosilla, Ventura, Rodríguez, Sabatini, Villanueva, that planed, cleaned, ornamented and built, a Paseo, a place to go for a walk, in the shape of a racetrack, with two big fountains. Cibeles that we will see later, and Neptuno on both extremes. To complete de project, the Botanical Garden, an Academy of Natural Science (now the Prado Museum), the Retiro Park with an Astronomic Observatory, the Alcalá Monumental Gate that we will se later, were also built. Boulevard that that was used already in the XVI Century as a place to go for a walk in the outskirts of the city, became a social place to meet and being seen, in summary, the perfect place to show off the new borbonic ideals.

Prado Museum (end of 18th Century) Arch. Juan de Villanueva. It was originally not a museum but the Academy of Natural Sciences. Only later, King Fernando VII transformed the project to incorporated the painting collections from the Austria’s and the Borons.

Ritz Hotel (1914) Mevwes. The Ritz Hotel is an early 20th century hotel, were we see how the classic french style was very fashionable those days. This is also the case fo the Palace Hotel built two years earlier in 1912, both grand hotels designed by french architects.

Prado Museum Extension (2007) Rafael Moneo. It is a well resolved intervention that integrates the abandoned cloister of the Church of St. Geronimo del Real Church (1612) into the museum. Underneath the cloister Moneo projected a three story lucernary (skylight) as the central space for the temporary exhibitions. The cloister is aligned with the main axis of the Villanueva Building, recovering the main entrance of the original building, The Velazquez Main Door that was not in use.

The door to the new extension is a piece of art (bronce) by Cristina Iglesias. The Church of St. Geronimo del Real Church (1612) late gothic.

If you have time, and still force, the museum has free entrance six to seven (closes at eight) and you could enter and see the cloister, now an incorporated exhibition space for sculptures. There are a couple of beautiful classical paintings that are worth been seen.

Buen Retiro Park part of this Neoclasical Development, has 125 hectares and more than 15,000 trees, El Retiro Park is a green haven in the center of Madrid. Some of its gardens deserve special attention: The Cecilio Rodríguez gardens (classicist gardens with Andalusian airs), garden or roses or the French Parterre. Since July 25, 2021, it is recognized, together with the Paseo del Prado, as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

It also has a big pond with a big statue monument of Alfonso XII in the background, plus other buildings, perhaps its most famous, the glass palace, with a lovely pond smaller in front (end of 19th Century) which is part of the Reina Sofía Contemporary Art Museum.

Madrid Stock Exchange Building (1831)

Bank of Spain, eclectic style (1891) Eduardo Adaro, Severiano Sainz de la Lastra, Alberto de Palacio y Elissague, José Yarnoz Larrosa, Luis Cubillo de Arteaga y Rafael Moneo

Cibeles Palace, eclectic- neogothic plateresc (1907-19) Atonio Palacios, same architect as the Circulo de Bellas Artes

National Library, neoclasic (1866) Francisco Jareño y Alarcón and Antonio Ruiz de Salces

Colon Towers (1967-76) Antonio Lamela

ABC Bldg. Serrano Shoping Mall (1896 – 99) José López Sallaberry. Front facade neomudejar, back neoplateresc. Other constructions refurbishments 1926 and 1932. Interesting later volt for the main printing room, 1995 by Mariano Bayón, concrete volt with cables.

Claudio Coello 121 (44 dwellings 2020) Arenas Basabe Palacios. The assignment consisted of the design, execution and construction of a residential building at 121 Claudio Coello street, in the heart of the Salamanca district, Madrid. Its exceptional location represents an opportunity and at the same time a challenge due to its visible presence from the Juan Bravo bridge on the Castellana.

Aware of the importance of its location, the project presents a dual character through the contrast in its materiality. Facing Claudio Coello street, the building responds to the classic organization of the neighborhood, with tripartite facades with a plinth, body and crown. This more urban view is shown strictly, without ornament, modulated by cutting precast white concrete panels.

However, towards the interior, a lighter and more friendly façade opens onto the garden through large glass panels covered with a wooden lattice. A low volume in the form of a house on two heights closes the garden, giving the built complex a human scale.

The design process has incorporated the participation of users in the configuration of their home. After defining a typical band of server spaces (storage, changing rooms, services, facilities, etc.), this support has been interpreted on each floor according to the needs and requirements of the inhabitants, making their home to measure from a collective design pattern.

The careful construction design has allowed the building to stand out for a very high rating in energy efficiency. Special attention has been paid to the composition of the envelope, selecting optimal insulation and carpentry, together with the contribution of the wooden latticework to control the solar incidence, guaranteeing the best views over the city and maintaining the privacy of the users in their domestic spaces.

Innovation in technical solutions has defined a centralized system of highly efficient facilities, optimizing the energy consumed based on changing user demand. This centralized system constitutes a central skeleton that, together with the architectural design, has offered great flexibility in the customization process carried out together with the future inhabitants of the building.

Lagasca 99 (44 dwellings 2026-17) by Rafael de la Hoz. The most expensive rental apartment in Madrid in the Idealista search engine costs 16,000 euros per month and is owned by a couple from Venezuela whose construction company has participated in large works for the Government of their country. They live in Miami and it is their real estate agent who receives those interested in the street at the doors of the 650-square-meter lobby, the largest in the capital of Spain. Because everything had to be exclusive in a building projected 10 years ago in the middle of the golden mile of the Salamanca neighborhood, designed by a prestigious architect, Rafael de La-Hoz, with the aim of finding 44 owners capable of paying between 3 and 17 million for a house. That is Lagasca 99. “It is under construction and it is already a myth”, said a billboard next to the work.

On the roof there is an L-shaped outdoor pool twenty meters long. Under the lobby there is another pool, gym, sauna and Turkish bath. 156 parking spaces and storage rooms. The lobby measures 650 square meters. The rent for the 284 square meters is around 14 thousand euros

Girasol Bld. (1966) José Antonio Coderch The building was built in 1966. The design capable of making the most of daylight, like the sunflowers, earned it the name

One of the innovative characteristics of the time is the design of each house, which has the existence of private access elevators. The design considered the use of daylight, which is why it was called the Sunflower Building. This use is made by rotating the axis of each house towards noon, calculating this rotation based on the favorable and unfavorable positions of the sun throughout the day and year.

The fusion of rationalism with organicism is one of the characteristics of this building. The architect José Antonio Coderch is looking, together with the architects of the Team 10 team, for new parameters to improve the specifications of the International Style. In the Girasol building, Coderch seeks light with the twists in the façade, orienting the windows towards the midday sun.

This building represents as a whole, elevations, plan and sections, the innovation objectives that Coderch incorporates into his architecture and that have inspired the next generation of architects.

The Gran Vía is one of the main streets of the Spanish city of Madrid. It begins in Calle de Alcalá and ends in Plaza de España. It is an important landmark in the city since its construction at the beginning of the 20th century seen from the commercial, tourist and leisure point of view. In this last aspect, it is famous for its cinemas, although in recent years some of them have closed and others have been converted to musical theater, which is why the section between Plaza del Callao and Plaza de España is known as the « Madrid Broadway”. The section between the San Luis network and the Plaza del Callao currently houses numerous international fashion chain stores.

Currently road traffic is allowed, although in December 2016 and 2017 it temporarily carried out the pedestrianization of several of the traffic lanes.1 At the end of March 2018, the Madrid City Council began the pedestrianization of a lane of each direction in a sidewalk widening plan and remodeling of some squares around the street, as well as the creation of a residential priority area.

Debod Temple (2nd Century BC) Egyptian

Itt is an Egyptian temple from the 2nd century BC installed in this cuartel park. Was donated ot Spain by the Egyptian government to prevent it fro beingflooded after the construction of the Aswan Hight Dam.

The construction of the temple began at the beginning of the 2nd century BC. by the king of Meroe Adijalamani, who dedicated a chapel to the gods Amun and Isis.

Royal Palace 17th Century, Baroque. Filippo Juvara, Sachetii, Ventura Rodriguez, Sabatini (IT). Based on the Louvre (París). Royal residency till 1931, now in Zarzuela, only official recptions + museum.

Almudena Cathedral (19th century), Neoclassic, neogothic (Marques de Cubas) Finished in Neoclassic style.

Royal Collections Gallery Tuñon y Mansilla (will open 2023)

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